“The theory of evolution that says that the origin of man is ape…” By Shaikh Muqbil ibn Hādi al-Wādi’ee

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A question to the Shaikh, the Muhaddith, the Imām, Muqbil ibn Hādī al-Wādi’ee (rahimahullāh)

The text of the question:

“There is a theory that says that the origin of man is ape, and after that, the ape evolved until it became a man. So, what is the Sharī’ah ruling on this saying that they have termed Darwin’s Theory?”

The text of the answer:

This theory is considered Kufr (that exits a Muslim from Islam if he believes it). Allah the Exalted and Most High says:

“Verily we created Man in the best form.”

[And He said]

“O man! What has made you careless concerning your Lord, the Most Generous? Who created you, fashioned you, and gave you due proportion; in whatever form He willed, He put you together.”

And the Qur’anic verses regarding the creation of Ādam—and there also ahādīth (Prophetic narrations) such as that which is in Sahīh Muslim concerning when he (Ādam) was still in clay form, and Iblīs (Satan) passed him by and saw his hollowness and became jealous of him.

And there is also in the Sahīhayn (Bukhāri and Muslim) that, when Allāh created Ādam, and then the soul was blown into him, He said to him: “Go to those angels and give salāms to them.”

And the Lord of Might said in His Noble Book:

“O Mankind, fear your Guardian Lord who has created you from one body, and He created from it its wife, and from them both came many men and women.”

And He, the Exalted and Most High says:

“He (Allāh) it is who created you from one body, and created from it its wife, so he may enjoy the pleasure of living with her. So when he had sexual relations with her, she became pregnant and she carried it about lightly.”

So the intent here is that this (theory) is considered disbelief. And it highly impermissible and prohibited that the children of the Muslims learn it (and believe in it).”

Taken from the tape: Questions on Geology from the University of Yemen

Translated by Abdullah ibn Abdil-Wāhid Alam.

الشيخ مقبل بن هادي ، رحمه الله

نص السؤال:
هناك نظرية تقول إن أصل الإنسان قرد ثم بعد ذلك حصل له تطور حتى أصبح إنسان، فما حكم الشرع في هذا القول حيث أنها يسمونها نظرية داروين؟

نص الإجابة:
هذه النظرية تعتبر كفراً ؛ الله سبحانه وتعالى يقول : ” لَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنْسَانَ فِي أَحْسَنِ تَقْوِيمٍ ” ، ” يَا أَيُّهَا الْإِنسَانُ مَا غَرَّكَ بِرَبِّكَ الْكَرِيمِ * الَّذِي خَلَقَكَ فَسَوَّاكَ فَعَدَلَكَ * فِي أَيِّ صُورَةٍ مَّا شَاء رَكَّبَكَ ” ، والآيات القرآنية في خلق آدم ، وهكذا أيضاً الأحاديث كما في < صحيح مسلم > عند أن كان من الطين كان يمر به إبليس فيراه أجوف فيطمع فيه .
وهكذا أيضاً في < الصحيحين > أن الله لما خلق آدم ثم نفخ فيه الروح قال له : اذهب إلى أولئك الملائكة فسلم عليهم .
ورب العزة يقول في كتابه الكريم : ” يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ مِنْ نَفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ وَخَلَقَ مِنْهَا زَوْجَهَا وَبَثَّ مِنْهُمَا رِجَالًا كَثِيرًا وَنِسَاءً ۚ ” ، ويقول سبحانه وتعالى : ” هُوَ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ مِنْ نَفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ وَجَعَلَ مِنْهَا زَوْجَهَا لِيَسْكُنَ إِلَيْهَا ۖ فَلَمَّا تَغَشَّاهَا حَمَلَتْ حَمْلًا خَفِيفًا فَمَرَّتْ بِهِ ” .
فالقصد أن هذه تعتبر كفراً ، وحرامٌ حرام أن يدرسها أبناء المسلمين .

من شريط : الأسئلة الجولوجية من الجامعة اليمنية

 

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