All Praise is due to Allāh, we praise Him, seek His aid and His Forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allāh from the evils of our souls and the evils of our actions. Whomsoever Allāh guides there is none to misguide and whomsoever Allāh misguides there is none to guide. I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allāh, alone, without any partners and I bear witness that Muhammad (صلّ الله عليه و سلّم) is His servant and Messenger.
The truest speech is the Book of Allāh, and the best way is the way of Muhammad (صلّ الله عليه و سلّم). The worst of affairs are the newly invented matters, every newly invented matter is an innovation, every innovation is misguidance, and every misguidance is in the Fire.
To proceed: (transcribed)
We continue with “Ad-Duroos min al-Qur’an Al-Kareem” of Shaikh al-Fawzān (may Allah preserve him). We finished on the point discussing the causes of the humiliation of the Muslims at the hands of their enemies. He stated that when we look at the Islamic world, that most of those who ascribe themselves to Islam, they do not hold on to it. They have no steadfastness, they have no firm hand-hold, except those whom Allah has guided by his mercy.
Many of these people, in reality, are just Muslims by name. They carry Muslim names like Ahmed, Muhammed, Abdullah, Abdul-Rahman and so on and we find that when we look at their beliefs and their ‘Aqeedah, that most of them are upon an ‘Aqeedah that is futile and false. Many of them worship other than Allah (the Most High) and they attach themselves in worship to the dead in their graves, those who they refer to as the awliyā (the close ones to Allah) and the sālihīn (the righteous). They go to the graves of such people, and they build tombs, mausoleums, and shrines over their graves, and call upon them. This is polytheism.
Likewise, when we look at the Islamic world, many Muslims do not pray, many Muslims do not pay the zakat, many Muslims do not even fast — they do not establish that which Allah (the Most High) has made obligatory upon them. For this reason, they are not even able to defend the boundaries of Islam and the borders of Islam from any attack, and they do not fulfil that which Allah (the Most High) has made obligatory upon them. This is the condition of many of those who attach themselves to Islam, that their religion has been lost to them, and Allah (the Most High) has caused them to be lost.
From the most important of affairs and those reasons that have led to the Muslims being tormented, is their neglect of the worship of Allah (the Most High), their neglect of Tawheed – they do not understand what Tawheed is and what it means – so they fall into Shirk Akbar, which is major polytheism. Many Muslims fall into shirk, so how can we expect them to refute it or oppose it!? Likewise, there are those who may not commit shirk but they will not forbid it because they do not see that forbidding shirk (idolatry) is important. You find many so-called callers to Islam, who do not regard those who sit at the graves and call upon the dead and make tawāf (circumambulation) of them to have committed shirk! And this is something that we will mention in a future chapter, Inshā’ Allāh.
So these are the most important reasons behind the suffering of the Ummah, why the Muslims are being punished, and why this humiliation is being unleashed upon them. There occurs in a narration from Imām Mālik ibn Anas (rahimahullāh, died 179H) in which he said, “The latter part of this Ummah will not be rectified except with that which rectified its early part.” There is no doubt that the Ummah is suffering and Muslims are in a state of torment and humiliation, but that torment and humiliation will not be removed up until the Muslims return back to the religion as it was in the early part of Islam, in the time of the Prophet and his Companions.
Just as the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “When you start partaking in interest transactions (usury) and you hold on to the tails of cattle and become satisfied with the cultivation of the earth, and you abandon striving in the path of Allah, then Allah will send down his humiliation upon you.” When will this happen? When you Muslims indulge in these acts of disobedience. The Prophet continued, “Allah will not remove that humiliation up until you return to your religion.” And the religion begins with Tawheed, with the worship of Allah alone, with Prayer, and rest of the Pillars of Islam and Imān. Note that he did not say, “Until you revolt, until you demonstrate, etc.” He began with the essential affair of Religion.
If they were only to hold on to their religion, establish the Tawheed of Allah, establish the ‘aqeedah that is in the Book and the Sunnah, and they were to hold on to the Rope of Allah, all of them united and thereafter not divide – then that which has befallen them would be alleviated. Just as Allah (the Most High) has mentioned, “Allah will surely aid those who aid his religion, and indeed Allah is the All-Powerful and He is All-Mighty.”
Allah stated, “Those whom, when we establish them in the earth, they will perform the prayer correctly and they will pay the zakat and they will enjoin that which is good and forbid that which is evil, and with Allah is the end result.” (Surah al-Hajj, Ayah 41).
So, Allah has made clear that the believers, the Muslims, will not attain the help and support of Allah except with these core elements that Allah has made mention of in this verse. If they are not present, then the aid of Allah will not come. And what are those affairs that we have made mention of here in this ayah from Surah al-Hajj: That they will establish the prayer correctly, that they will pay the zakat, they will enjoin the good, they will forbid the evil.
These are the core elements – and which of these affairs today are present amongst the Muslims? Where is the prayer, with many of the Muslims, many who do not even pray?! Where is the correct ‘aqeedah of many of those who ascribe themselves to Islam, where is this correct ‘aqeedah? They want the victory of Allah and they want the humiliation to be removed, but they don’t pray, they don’t pay the zakat, many of them don’t fast Ramadan, and the furthest thing from their mind is the Hajj. Worse than all that: they don’t even have the sound ‘aqeedah, the correct belief. They don’t know it, they don’t study it, they don’t learn it, yet they attach themselves to Islam, and then they want the victory from Allah.
Allah (the Most High) has said, “Allah has made a sure promise, for those of you who believe and works righteous deeds, that Allah will give them succession in the earth just as Allah gave succession those who came before them, and He will make authority to practise their religion that Allah is pleased with for them. And Allah will change the condition of fear in which they live to a condition of security and safety..” (Surah Al-Noor 24:55)
So what are these conditions that bring about the fulfilment of this promise of Allah? Allah states, that you are to believe as you have been commanded to believe – it is a promise from your Lord for those who believe and they work righteous deeds. Then Allah mentions towards the end of the verse, “So long as they worship me alone and they do not associate partners with me in worship.” This verse from Surah al-Noor forms the basis of the means for the revival of the Ummah of Muhammed (ﷺ).
So Allah made clear that this victory, this succession will not come about unless the conditions which He (the Most High) has stated are met, that they are to worship Allah alone, “that they worship Me alone”, and likewise, that they do not associate any partners with Him, “And that they do not associate any partners with Me in worship.”
This is what Tawheed is, this is the Tawheed that the Prophets and the Messengers were sent with. So these noble promises will not be attained except by those who actualize Tawheed by the worship of Allah alone, without associating partners with him. And included in the worship of Allah is the Salāh (the Prayer), the Sawm (the fasting), the Zakāh, the Hajj and all of the rest of acts of worship directed to Allah alone.
The people must understand the Qur’an and what the Qur’an is telling them, what Allah has revealed to them. When they ponder over the Qur’an this is what they will find. Then it is upon them to act. Not partake in demonstrations, revolutions, rebellions, uprisings and insurgencies that only harm the Muslim Ummah.
To be continued, inshā’ Allāh.
Lecture Series by Abu Khadeejah Abdul Waahid
Ramadan 1438 / 2017 Masjid As-Salafi Birmingham
Lessons from the Noble Qur’an by Shaykh Salih al-Fawzan (adapted).