The Status of Tawheed, Part 1: Foundations of Islamic Monotheism: Cure for the ailments in society

Lessons from the Noble Qur’an – from the book by Shaykh Sālih al-Fawzān

Conducted at Al-Masjid As-Salafi Birmingham (Ramadan 1438/2017) – Transcript:

Lesson 1

All Praise is due to Allāh, we praise Him, seek His aid and His Forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allāh from the evils of our souls and the evils of our actions. Whomsoever Allāh guides there is none to misguide and whomsoever Allāh misguides there is none to guide. I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allāh, alone, without any partners and I bear witness that Muhammad (صلّ الله عليه و سلّم) is His servant and Messenger.

To proceed,

The truest speech is the Book of Allāh, and the best way is the way of Muhammad (صلّ الله عليه و سلّم). The worst of affairs are the newly invented matters, every newly invented matter is an innovation, every innovation is misguidance, and every misguidance is in the Fire.

To proceed;

We will take some time each day to mention some of the benefits that all of us can obtain, by the permission of Allah.  The work that I will be taking from is Duroos min Al-Qur’an Al-Kareem, Lessons from the Noble Qur’an by the Shaykh, the ‘Allāmah, Sālih bin Fawzān bin ‘Abdillāh al-Fawzān (hafidhahullāh), the great ‘Ālim, the scholar, the faqīh, an imām from the imams of this era.

Shaykh Al-Fawzan mentions in the first lesson: At-Tawheed fil-Qur’an il-Kareem, i.e. Tawheed in the Noble Quran.  He talks of the importance of Tawheed and the punishment of those who turn away from it – that this is the most important affair that is mentioned in the Qur’an.

Some may say: What is wrong with you people (i.e. you Salafis), that you focus so heavily upon the issue of at-Tawheed and you continually speak concerning it. And, as far as we can see, you give no consideration to the affairs of the Muslims in this time, those Muslims who are being killed, those Muslims who are being driven out of their lands, those Muslims who are being pursued by their enemies and by the non-Muslim nations.

Shaykh al-Fawzan (hafidhahullah) explains: So, we say in response to that, and success and guidance is with Allah, so we say that at-Tawheed is the foundation upon which this this upright religion is built upon.

When we ponder over the Qur’an, this amazing and tremendous book that we recite throughout the days and the nights of this month of Ramadan, we find that the Quran explains the affair of at-Tawheed completely.  To the extent that, there is not a Surah from the Surahs of the Qur’an, not a chapter from the chapters of the Qur’an except that it deals with the subject of at-Tawheed: the worship of Allah alone and singling out Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) with that which is rightfully His, by way of His Names, His Attributes, His worship and His Actions.  The whole of the Qur’an, likewise, forbids from whatever opposes Tawheed.

The great Iman Ibn al-Qayyim (rahimahullah) (d 752H) mentions in Madārij us-Salikeen, volume 3, the affair of the Qur’an and its relationship with TawheedIbn al-Qayyim said that the whole of the Qur’an is concerning at-Tawheed.  The Qur’an contains information related to the Names and Attributes of Allah, which is referred to as at-Tawheed al-‘Ilmee, or the to single out Allah alone with knowledge of Him, which is also Tawheed ar-Ruboobiyyah, the Oneness of Allah’s Lordship and actions.

The Qur’an also commands with the worship of Allah alone, without any partner, without any associates, and it forbids from shirk. This is what is referred to as at-Tawheed al-‘Amalee at-Talabee, it is the singling out of one’s actions and what one seeks, i.e. that one singles out his actions for Allah, and that he seeks from none except Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) in his du’a, in his supplication, in his seeking of aid, assistance, refuge and so on.   This is what we refer to as Tawheed al-Uloohiyyah, to single out Allah alone, that He is the sole deity worthy of worship, bil Haqq, in reality, without any equal and we do not set up partners with Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) in worship.

The Qur’an commands with obedience to Allah and to His Messenger (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) and the Qur’an forbids from disobeying Allah and His Messenger (‘alayhi salatu wa sallam).  This affair of obedience to Allah and His Messenger and keeping away from disobedience to Allah and His Messenger is from the rights of Tawheed.  It is from the perfection of Tawheed and the completion of one’s Tawheed.

The Qur’an contains news, information and stories concerning that which Allah has promised to the Muwahhideen, i.e. to the people of Tawheed, those who worship Allah alone, without any partners.  The Qur’an contains news and information of the bliss, success, joy, the salvation and support that Allah gives to those people, both in this life and in the hereafter.  The Qur’an contains news, information and stories regarding how the Mushrikeen, those idol worshippers and those who worship other than Allah, Allah has made them exempt from punishment in this life and has stored for them their punishment in the hereafter, and for those who die whilst committing shirk with Allah; Allah will give them eternal and everlasting punishment of the hellfire in the hereafter.

The recompense for the one who acts upon Tawheed is Jannah, bliss, happiness, joy, honour and all that which Allah has promised for the one who worships Him alone.  The recompense, likewise, of the ones who are heedless of Tawheed, is that Allah will punish them, dishonour them, disgrace them and Allah will enter them into the hellfire to remain therein forever.

So, therefore, the whole of the Qur’an revolves around at-Tawheed.  If you were to scrutinise the chapters of the Qur’an revealed in Makkah, you would find that those chapters, those surahs and those Makkan verses that were revealed to the Messenger of Allah in the early part of his Messengership, which encompassed thirteen years from the time that he received prophethood at the age of forty, remaining in Makkah up until he was 53 years old. You will find that the vast majority of those verses in the Qur’an that were revealed in Makkah deal with at-Tawheed, the issue of rectification of one’s beliefs by worshipping Allah alone and Allah’s condemnation of the worship of idols, and other gods alongside Him.

The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) lived in Makkah for thirteen years, calling to Tawheed and forbidding from shirk (polytheism). So, the vast portion of the obligations such as zakat, fasting, Hajj and the halal and haram, the hijab and the dress code, the forbiddance of drinking wine, gambling and so on – these affairs were not revealed until after the migration to Madinah.  The exception to this being the Daily Prayers, which were obligated in Makkah on the night of the Mi’raaj, when the Messenger of Allah (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) was taken on the night journey known as the Isra’ and Mi’raaj.  So the obligation of the Prayer took place shortly before the migration, but the vast majority of the rulings of the Shari’ah were not revealed except after the migration to Madinah.

As far as Makkah was concerned, the focus was on strengthening the iman of the believers, of calling the people to the worship of Allah, and of the falsehood and futility of the worship of idols and other than that from those objects of worship that the people had adopted, that they used to devote themselves to and worship. Allah (the One free of all imperfections and the Most High) forbade all of that and there was a huge emphasis in Makkah, in those verses that were revealed, upon the worship of Allah alone.

To be continued..

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