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All praise is due to Allāh, and may the peace and blessings of Allāh be upon His Messenger Muhammad, his family, his Companions and all those who follow their path precisely.
Indeed, the best of speech is the Speech of Allāh, the best of guidance is the guidance of the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) and the worst of all affairs are the newly introduced matters into the Religion (for which there is no textual proof) for every newly introduced matter is an innovation, every innovation is misguidance and every misguidance leads to the Hellfire.
Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamā’ah believe that the False Messiah, the Anti-Christ, the Masīh Ad-Dajjāl will emerge and spread his tribulation across the earth. He will be one-eyed and the word kāfir will be written between his eyes. We believe that he exists and we believe in the authentic ahādeeth reported by the scholars of Hadeeth about him, that Jesus the son of Mary will descend and kill him at Ludd (Lod). Bukhāri and Muslim reported from Anas that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: “There was not a Prophet sent by Allah except that he warned his people from the Al-A’war Ad-Dajjāl, the One-eyed Liar. Indeed, he is one-eyed and your Lord is not one-eyed. There will be written between his eyes, the word kāfir.” (Bukhāri 7131, Muslim 2933) The ahādeeth concerning the Dajjāl are mutawātirah, that is, they are narrated by a multitude of narrators at every level of the chain of narration such that they could never have gathered to invent a lie, so its authenticity is beyond doubt.
Shaikh Al-Albāni (rahimahullāh) stated, “Know, that the ahādeeth concerning the Dajjāl and the descent of Jesus (ﷺ) are mutawātirah, necessitating that one believes in them. Do not be deceived by the one who claims these narrations are ahād (i.e. less than mutawātirah) because those who say that are ignorant of this science. There is not among them one who has followed up these chains of transmission, for if they had they would have realised that they are mutawātirah just as has been stated by the great scholars of this science, such as Ibn Hajr and others. It is truly unfortunate that some have felt bold enough to speak about an affair that they have no expertise in. This is even more so about an affair that is connected to religion and ‘Aqeedah.” (Sharh Al-‘Aqeedah At-Tahāwiyyah, p. 501)
Muslim and Abu Dawood report from An-Nawwās Ibn Sam’ān (radiyallāhu ‘anhu) that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “It is other than the Dajjāl that I fear for you. If he comes forth while I am among you, I shall contend with him on your behalf, but if he comes forth when I am not among you, each person must contend with him on his own behalf, and Allah will take care in looking after every Muslim even after I have gone. Those of you who live up to his time should recite before him the opening verses of Surat al–Kahf, for they are your protection from his trial.” We asked, “How long will he remain on the earth?” He replied, “Forty days, one like a year, one like a month, one like a week, and rest of his days will be like your days.” We asked, “O Messenger of Allah, will one day’s prayer suffice us on this day which will be like a year?” He replied, “No, you must make an estimate of its extent. Then Jesus son of Marry will descend at the white minaret to the east of Damascus. He will then catch him up at the gate of Ludd and kill him.” (Abu Dawood 4321) So this is the ‘Aqeedah of Ahlus-Sunnah as reported in the ahādeeth.
Before the appearance of the Dajjāl, there will be a time of severe hardship and tribulation. Abu Umāmah (radiyallāhu ‘anhu) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Before the Dajjāl appears there will be three difficult years in which the people will suffer severe famine. In the first year, Allah will command the sky to withhold one third of its rain and the earth to withhold one third of its produce. In the second year, He will command the sky to withhold two thirds of its rain and the earth to withhold two-thirds of its produce. In the third year, He will command the sky to withhold all of its rain, and not a single drop will fall, and the earth to withhold all of its produce, and nothing will grow. All cloven-hoofed animals will die, except those that Allah wills.” It was said: “What will the people live on at that time?” He said, “Tahleel (lā ilāha illallāh), Takbeer (Allāhu akbar), Tasbeeh (subhānallāh) and Tahmeed (alhamdulillāh). That will take the place of food for them.” (Ibn Mājah 4077, Ibn Khuzaymah in At-Tawheed 2/458, Al-Hākim in Al-Mustadrak 8620. Authenticated by Al-Albāni in Saheeh Al-Jāmi’ 7875) In a wording, the Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Before the appearance of the Dajjāl, there will be three very hard years wherein the people will be struck with severe hunger.”
Then he will appear after this. Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) stated, “There will not be any tribulation on earth, since the time Allah created the offspring of Ādam, that will be greater than the tribulation of the Dajjāl. Allah has not sent any Prophet but he warned his nation about the Dajjāl. I am the Last of the Prophets and you are the last of the nations. He will undoubtedly appear among you.” (Ibn Mājah)
The Messenger (ﷺ) explained in detail his appearance, where he will come from and the deception he will use to entrap the people. The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “He will emerge from Al-Khallah, between Syria and Iraq, and will wreak havoc right and left. O slaves of Allah, remain steadfast. I will describe him to you in a manner in which none of the Prophets has described him before me. He will start by saying, ‘I am a Prophet,’ and there is no Prophet after me. Then a second time he will say, ‘I am your Lord.’ But you will not see your Lord until you die. He is one-eyed, and your Lord is not one-eyed, and written between his eyes is the word Kāfir (كفر). Every believer will be able to read it, whether literate or illiterate. Part of his fitnah will be that he will have with him Paradise and Hell, but his Hell will be a Paradise and his Paradise a Hell. Whoever is tested with his fire, let him seek the help of Allah and recite the first verses of Surah Al-Kahf, then the fire will be cool and safe for him, as the fire was for Ibrāheem. Part of his fitnah will be that he will say to a bedouin, ‘What do you think, if I resurrect your father and mother for you, will you bear witness that I am your Lord?’ The bedouin will say, ‘Yes.’ Then two devils will appear to him in the form of his father and mother and they will say, ‘O my son, follow him, for he is your Lord.’ Part of his fitnah will be that he will overpower a single soul, a youth and kill him. Then he will cut him with a saw until he falls into two pieces. Then he will say, ‘Look at this slave of mine. I will now resurrect him. Then he will claim that he has a Lord other than me.’ Then Allah will resurrect that soul and the Dajjāl will say to him, ‘Who is your Lord?’ So, the youth will say, ‘Allah is my Lord, and you are the enemy of Allah, you are the Dajjāl. By Allah, I have never had more sure insight about you than I have today.’” (Ibn Mājah)
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) continued, “Part of his fitnah will be that he will command the sky to rain, and it will rain, and he will command the earth to bring forth vegetation and it will do so. Part of his fitnah will be that he will pass by a clan and they will disbelieve in him, so all their cattle will perish and none will be left. Part of his fitnah will be that he will pass by a clan who will believe in him, so he will command the sky to rain and it will rain. He will command the earth to bring forth vegetation and it will do so, until their cattle will come back in the evening of that day, bigger and fatter than they have ever been, with their flanks stretched and their udders full of milk. There will be no part of the earth left that he does not enter and prevail over, except for Makkah and Al-Madinah, for he will not approach them on any of their mountain paths except that he will be met by angels with unsheathed swords, until he will stop at the red hill at the end of the marsh. Then Al-Madinah will be shaken with its people three times, no hypocrite, male or female, will remain therein, all will come out to him. Thus, it will be cleansed of impurity just as the bellow cleanses the impurity of iron. And that day will be called the Day of Deliverance (Yawmul-Khalās).” (Ibn Mājah)
So, we see how the Messenger (ﷺ) described the Dajjāl with such detail that we can see him in our mind’s eye. This was so that none is deceived or beguiled by him. The Dajjāl will claim Ruboobiyyah (Tawheed of Lordship) and deceive the people with things that will amaze them. But the steadfast will not be taken in by the deceit, just as the youth who is cut into half will not be deceived. ‘Imrān Ibn Husayn narrated that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Whoever hears that the Dajjāl has appeared, let him stay far away. For by Allah! A man will approach him thinking that he is a believer, and end up following him due to what he throws at him from doubts and misunderstandings.” (Abu Dāwood 4319, and authenticated by Al-Albāni) This hadeeth is used as proof by the scholars that a person must keep away from Ahlul-Bid’ah, and Ahlul-Ahwā. The Dajjāl uses arguments and doubts that shake a firm believer’s faith and ‘Aqeedah. This is what happens likewise when one exposes himself to the ideas, writings and speeches of Ahlul-Bid’ah. A person has good thoughts regarding his own abilities, he believes he knows the truth and can distinguish between it and falsehood. So, he attends the gatherings of Ahlul-Bid’ah and listens to their speeches, and eventually, he is shaken by their doubts and follows them, just like the man who ends up following the Dajjāl. The man who approaches the Dajjal is certain that the Dajjāl is a liar, he is a human being who himself is unable to do what he is doing except that Allah has made him a trial. He sees that he is one-eyed, that he has the word kāfir written between his eyes. Yet, he ends up following him and taking him as his Lord. So being deceived by Ahlul-Bid’ah is even easier since they have no such bodily marks warning the people from them, so a person should never imagine that he is safe from being tricked. So, just as we have been commanded to stay away from the Dajjal when he appears, then likewise we stay away from the gatherings of Ahlul-Ahwā due to the doubts and misunderstandings that they cast at the Sunnah and the Qur’ān. The Messenger (ﷺ) described his features, Ubadah ibn as-Samit said that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: “I have told you so much about the Dajjāl that I am afraid you may not understand. The Antichrist is short, hen-toed, tight curled hair, one-eyed, an eye-sightless, neither protruding nor deep-seated. If you are confused about him, know that your Lord is not one-eyed.” (Abu Dawood 4320)
The Christians Exaggerate the status of Jesus whilst Islam gives his right as a noble Prophet:
Abu Hurairah narrated that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said,
أَنَا أَوْلَى النَّاسِ بِعِيسَى ابْنِ مَرْيَمَ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ، وَالأَنْبِيَاءُ إِخْوَةٌ لِعَلاَّتٍ، أُمَّهَاتُهُمْ شَتَّى، وَدِينُهُمْ وَاحِدٌ
“I am the closest of all the people to Jesus, the son of Mary both in this world and in the Hereafter. The prophets are all paternal brothers, their mothers are different, but their religion is one.” (Bukhārī 3443) Jesus was pious (sālih) and trusting in Allāh. Abu Hurairah narrated that the Prophet (ﷺ) said,
رَأَى عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ رَجُلاً يَسْرِقُ، فَقَالَ لَهُ أَسَرَقْتَ قَالَ كَلاَّ وَاللَّهِ الَّذِي لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ. فَقَالَ عِيسَى آمَنْتُ بِاللَّهِ وَكَذَّبْتُ عَيْنِي
“Jesus, seeing a man stealing, asked him, ‘Did you steal?’ He said, ‘No, by Allah besides whom there is none who has the right to be worshipped.’ So, Jesus said, ‘I believe in Allah and I will suspect my eyes.’” (Bukhārī 2444) Believing and loving Jesus is a binding part of the belief of the Muslim, and those Christians who become Muslims receive a double reward. Abu Musa Al-Ash’arī narrated that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “If a person teaches his slave girl excellent character and manners, and educates her properly, and then frees her and marries her, he will get a double reward.
وَإِذَا آمَنَ بِعِيسَى ثُمَّ آمَنَ بِي، فَلَهُ أَجْرَانِ
And if a man believes in Jesus and then believes in me, he will get a double reward…” (Bukhārī 3446)
However, the Christians exaggerated in Christ, opposed the Commandments that survive till today, although altered and distorted. So, they worshipped him, though he was a Prophet and a Messenger. In their own Bible, the First Commandment reads, “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. You shall have no other gods besides Me.” (Exodus 20:2-3) This is the God of Moses (peace be upon him). It was He who sent Jesus as His servant and Messenger, and not as a god to be worshipped. In the New Testament, the First Commandment is reiterated, “Jesus declared, ‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.’ This is the first and greatest commandment.” (Matthew 22:37-38) So Jesus (peace be upon himself) confirms the Lord of Moses, who is the True God worthy of worship and love. They have also opposed the Second Commandment, which reads, “You shall not make for yourself an idol or any likeness of what is in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth. You shall not worship them or serve them for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God.” (Exodus 20:4) Yet the Christians make images and statues of Jesus and his mother, Mary and worship them – and each image or statue they make is different to another. There are images of him for Africa, images for Europe, images for North America and everywhere else in the world. Furthermore, they worship the cross as a symbol of Christ, they use it as an amulet and seek protection with it. This is idolatry without a doubt. For this reason, the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said,
لاَ تُطْرُونِي كَمَا أَطْرَتِ النَّصَارَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ، فَإِنَّمَا أَنَا عَبْدُهُ، فَقُولُوا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ وَرَسُولُهُ
“Do not exaggerate in praising me as the Christians have exaggerated the praise of Jesus son of Mary, for I am only a servant, so say, ‘He is the servant of Allah and His Messenger.’” (Bukhārī 3445) The Messenger Muhammad saw Jesus. Sālim narrated from his father who said, “No, by Allah, the Prophet (ﷺ) did not tell us that Jesus was of red complexion but he said, “While I was asleep making Tawāf of the Ka’bah, I saw a man of tanned-brown complexion and lank hair walking between two men and water was dripping from his head. I asked, ‘Who is this?’ They said, ‘He is the son of Mary.’ Then I looked behind and I saw a red-complexioned, fat, curly-haired man, blind in the right eye. his eye was like a bulging grape. I asked, ‘Who is this?’ They replied, ‘He is Ad-Dajjāl.’ The one who resembles him among the people is Ibn Qatan.” Az-Zuhrī said, “Ibn Qatan was a man from the tribe of Kuzā’ah who died in the days of jāhiliyyah (pre-Islam).” (Bukhāri 3441) In the narrations it mentions that there is an impediment or impairment in both of his eyes, the right and left. One of them is blinded and the other bulging like a grape. An-Nawawī said, “He cannot see through one of them due to the light being removed from it, it does not protrude, nor is it deep-set. The other eye has not lost its light however it is impaired in a different way, it is protruding and bulging.” (Sharhun-Nawawī ‘ala Muslim 18/61)
Where is the Dajjāl (Anti-Christ)?
Ahlus-Sunnah holds that Ad-Dajjāl is a human who was alive at the time of the Prophet (ﷺ) and will remain so until Jesus the son of Mary kills him before the Hour. Fatimah bint Qais said: I heard the caller of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) call out, ‘Assemble for the prayer.’ I Then came out and prayed along with the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ). When the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) finished his prayer, he sat on the pulpit laughing. Then he said, ‘Everyone should remain where he prayed. Do you know why I assembled you?’ They said, ‘Allah and His Messenger know best.’ He (ﷺ) said, ‘I did not call you together for some fearful news or for good news. Rather, I called you all because Tamīm Ad-Dārī, a Christian, has come and accepted Islam. He told me something which agrees with what I was telling you about the Dajjāl. He told me that he sailed with thirty men of the tribes of Lakhm and Judhām and that they were caught in a storm at sea for a month. Then they drew near to an island as the sun was setting. They sat in a boat nearest to them and entered the island where they were met by a beast covered in fur. They said, ‘Woe to you! What are you?’ It replied, ‘I am the Jassāsah. Now go to that man that is in the monastery, for he is anxious to get news of you.’ He said, ‘When it named a man to us we became afraid of this beast lest it should be a female devil.’ So, we went off quickly and entered the monastery where we found a man with the hugest and strongest frame we had ever seen, with his hands chained to his neck. He asked them about the palm-trees of Baisān and the spring of Zughar and about the unlettered Prophet. Then he said, ‘I am the Messiah (i.e. the Antichrist) and will soon be given permission to emerge.’ The Prophet (ﷺ) said, ‘He is in the Syrian sea or the Yemeni sea. No! Rather, it is towards the east, that’s where he is.’ He said it twice and pointed his hand to the east. He said, ‘I memorised it from the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ).’ (Abu Dāwūd 4326) In another narration, the Dajjāl said to those who came to the island, “Has the Prophet of the unlettered people come forth now?” Tamīm Ad-Dārī replied, “Yes.” He then asked, “Have they obeyed him or disobeyed him?” Tamīm said, “They have obeyed him.” He said, “That is better for them.” (Abu Dāwūd 4325) Abu Bakr (radiyallāhu ‘anhu) stated that the Prophet (ﷺ) said:
أَنَّ الدَّجَّالَ يَخْرُجُ مِنْ أَرْضٍ بِالْمَشْرِقِ يُقَالُ لَهَا خُرَاسَانُ يَتْبَعُهُ أَقْوَامٌ كَأَنَّ وُجُوهَهُمُ الْمَجَانُّ الْمُطْرَقَةُ
“The Dajjal will emerge from a land in the east called Khurāsān, and will be followed by people with faces like hammered shields.” (Ibn Majah 4072) And in a narration of Muslim, “The Dajjāl will be followed by seventy thousand Jews of Isfahān.” Isfahan is the capital of Isfahan Province in Iran, located about 340 kilometres (211 miles) south of Tehran.
Shaikh Ibn Uthaimīn (rahimahullāh) stated:
يخرج من المشرق من جهة الفتن والشر كما قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: “الفتنة هاهنا” وأشار إلى المشرق، فالمشرق منبع الشر والفتن يخرج من المشرق من خراسان مارّاً بأصفهان
“He will appear from the East, from the direction of the tribulations just as the Prophet (ﷺ) said, “The fitnah is from there” and he pointed to the East. So the East is the source of the evil and tribulation – he will emerge from the East, from Khurasān and pass by Isfahān.” (Majmū’ Fatawā of Ibn ‘Uthaimīn, Chapter: The Last Day)
Thirty Dajjāls will appear before the Last Hour – each claiming Prophethood:
Abu Hurayrah (radiyallāh ‘anhu) stated that the Prophet (ﷺ) said:
لاَ تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ ثَلاَثُونَ دَجَّالُونَ كُلُّهُمْ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ
“The Last Hour will not come before there come forth thirty Dajjālūn (liars), each one claiming for himself that he is a Messenger of Allah.” (Abu Dāwūd 4333)
Abu Hurayrah (radiyallāh ‘anhu) stated that the Prophet (ﷺ) said:
لاَ تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ ثَلاَثُونَ كَذَّابًا دَجَّالاً كُلُّهُمْ يَكْذِبُ عَلَى اللَّهِ وَعَلَى رَسُولِهِ
“The Last Hour will not come before there come forth thirty Liars and Dajjālūn, each one lying on Allah and His Messenger.” (Abu Dāwūd 4334)
So, anyone who claims he receives revelation from Allah after the death of Allah’s Messenger is a liar and a Dajjāl. Ibn ‘Abbās narrated from Abu Hurairah that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said,
رَأَيْتُ فِي الْمَنَامِ كَأَنَّ فِي يَدَىَّ سِوَارَيْنِ مِنْ ذَهَبٍ فَهَمَّنِي شَأْنُهُمَا فَأُوحِيَ إِلَىَّ أَنْ أَنْفُخَهُمَا فَنَفَخْتُهُمَا فَطَارَا فَأَوَّلْتُهُمَا كَاذِبَيْنِ يَخْرُجَانِ مِنْ بَعْدِي يُقَالُ لأَحَدِهِمَا مُسَيْلِمَةُ صَاحِبُ الْيَمَامَةِ وَالْعَنْسِيُّ صَاحِبُ صَنْعَاءَ
“I saw in a dream as if there were two gold bracelets in my hands which bothered me greatly. So, it was revealed to me to blow on them. So, I blew on them and they flew away. So I interpreted them to be two liars who will appear after me: the first is Musaylimah of Yamāmah and the second is Al-‘Ansī of San’ā.” (Tirmidhī, 2292, Sahīh) Both of them claimed prophethood during and after the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ).
The appearance of the Liar and the Murderer: and the killing of Abdullāh Ibn Az-Zubayr:
Muslim reported in his Sahīh (2545) that Abu Naufal said, “I saw the body of ‘Abdullah Ibn Zubair hanging on the road at the outskirts of Madinah. The Quraish and the people passed by him. Then Abdullah Ibn ‘Umar happened to pass by. So, he stood there and said, ‘May there be peace upon you, Abu Khubaib! May there be peace upon you Abu Khubaib, may there be peace upon you, Abu Khubaib! By Allah, I used to forbid you from this. By Allah, I used to forbid you from this. By Allah, I used to forbid you from this. By Allah, I knew you as one who fasted often and prayed much at night and you kept the ties of kinship. Those to whom you belonged to are called wicked, but by Allah, they are good.’ The stance of Ibn ‘Umar reached Al-Hajjāj. So as a result, the body of Ibn Az-Zubayr was taken down from the scaffold from which it was hanging and thrown into the graves of the Jews. Then Al-Hajjāj sent his messenger to Asmā bint Abu Bakr, Abdullah Ibn Az-Zubair’s mother for her to come to him, but she refused to come. He again sent the messenger to her with the message that she must come, otherwise he would bring her forcibly pulling her by her hair. But she again refused and said, ‘By Allah, I will not come to you until you send one to me who would drag me by pulling my hair.’ Thereupon he said, ‘Bring me my shoes.’ He put on his shoes and walked quickly, swollen with pride until he came to her and said, ‘How do you find what I have done with the enemy of Allah?’ She said, ‘I find that you wronged him in this world, whereas he has spoiled your Hereafter. It has been conveyed to me that you used to call him the son of The Possessor of Two Belts (ذَاتِ النِّطَاقَيْنِ). By Allah, I am indeed The Possessor of Two Belts. One belt I used to suspend the food of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) and Abu Bakr high, taking it out of the reach of animals. As far as the second belt is concerned, that is the belt which no woman can do without. Verily Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) told us that in Thaqīf, there would be born a great liar and great murderer. The liar we have seen, and as far as the murderer is concerned, I do not find anyone else besides you.’ Thereupon Al-Hajjāj stood up and did not give any reply to her.”
An-Nawawī said in his explanation, “As for her saying regarding the liar, ‘We have already seen him’ then she means by that Al-Mukhtār Ibn Abī ‘Ubaid Ath-Thaqafī (d. 67H) who was a severe liar. From his vile sayings was his claim that Jibrīl (‘alayhis-salām) comes to him. The scholars are agreed that the intent of the Messenger when he said, ‘The liar’ is Al-Mukhtār Ibn Abī ‘Ubaid Ath-Thaqafī, and the ‘great murderer’ is Al-Hajjāj Ibn Yūsuf (from Thaqīf…” Ibn Kathīr (rahimahullāh) stated in volume 8 of Al-Bidāyah wa-Nihayah under the biography of Al-Mukhtār Ath-Taqafī that, “His father embraced Islam in the time of the Messenger though he did not meet him… Al-Mukhtār was a Nāsibī who hated ‘Alī Ibn Abī Tālib (radiyallāh ‘anhu) with a severe hatred. He claimed that revelation came to him through Jibrīl (‘alayhis-salām).” The Rāfidah Shī’ah, however, revere him due to his seeking to avenge the killing of Husain Ibn ‘Alī at Karbala.
So, anyone who claims to receive revelation after the Prophet is a liar and a Dajjāl. There have been several Dajjāloon who claimed Prophethood after the Messengership of the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ). Some claimed they were receiving revelation from Allah through Jibrīl, others claiming that they are Jesus and the Messiah, others claimed they had a book sent to them from Allah. Each one is encompassed by the saying of the Prophet (ﷺ), “The Last Hour will not come before there come forward thirty Dajjālūn (liars), each one claiming for himself that he is a Messenger of Allah.” (Abu Dāwūd 4333) Many of the scholars of hadīth would label a known fabricator and liar who invented hadīth as a Dajjāl due to the statement of the Prophet (ﷺ), “The Last Hour will not come before there will come forth thirty Liars and Dajjālūn, each one lying on Allah and His Messenger.” (Abu Dāwūd 4334)
Eventually, after these liars, there will appear the Masīh Ad-Dajjāl who will wreak havoc. The Messenger (ﷺ) said, “The Dajjāl will not appear until the people have left off mentioning him, such that even the Imāms on their pulpits (manābir) will stop mentioning him.” (Al-Haythamī in Majma’ az-Zawā’id 7/646, with a hasan, isnād) He also said, “There is not between the creation of Ādam until the Day of Resurrection an affair more severe than the Dajjāl.” (Muslim, 2946)
What will the Dajjāl bring and with whom he will appear?
The Messenger (ﷺ) said: “He will bring with him that which resembles Jannah and that which resembles the Fire, and it will be said: This is Jannah and this is the Fire.” (Bukhari 3338, Muslim 2836) In a narration, he said, “I know what the Dajjāl will have with him. He will have two flowing rivers, one that appears to the eye to be clear water, and one that appears to the eye to be a flaming fire. If anyone sees that, let him go to the river which he thinks is fire and close his eyes, then lower his head and drink from it, for it is cool water.” (Muslim 2934) The Dajjāl will have with him the Khawārij. Ibn ‘Umar stated that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “A group will emerge who will recite the Qur’an but it will not go beyond their throats. Every time a faction amongst them emerges it will be cut-off until the Dajjaal appears amongst them.” (Sahīh Al-Jāmi’ 8171, Ibn Mājah, 179) In a narration there occurs that “The Dajjāl will come forth with the Jews of Isfahān (Asbahān), there will be with him 70,000 Jews wearing Persian shawls.” (Muslim 2944)
When the Dajjal appears the people will run away from him seeking shelter in the mountains (Sahīh Muslim). A believer will warn the people saying, “O people! This is Dajjāl about whom the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) has informed us.” Then the Dajjāl will have him laid on his stomach. He will be struck on his back and on his front. Dajjal will ask him: “Don’t you believe in me?” He will say: “You are the false Messiah.” So the Dajjāl will give an order to have him sawn into two halves from his head up to his legs. Then the Dajjāl will walk between the two halves and say: “Stand up”, and he will stand on his feet. He will then say to him: “Do you believe in me?” The person will say: “Now I am certain that you are Dajjal.” Then the believer will say: “O people! He will not be able to do this again with anyone after me in this manner.” So the Dajjāl will try to kill him. The space between his neck and collarbone will turn into copper and he will find no way to kill him. So The Dajjāl will catch hold of him by his hands and feet and throw him into a fire. The people will think that he has been thrown into the fire whereas really he will be thrown into Paradise. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) added, “He will be the most eminent amongst the people with regard to martyrdom near the Lord of the worlds.” (Muslim 2938)
Ibn ‘Abbās (radiyallāh ‘anhu) said that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to teach them this supplication as he used to teach them a Sūrah of the Qur’an:
اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ عَذَابِ جَهَنَّمَ وَمِنْ عَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ فِتْنَةِ الْمَسِيحِ الدَّجَّالِ وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ فِتْنَةِ الْمَحْيَا وَالْمَمَاتِ
“O Allah, indeed, I seek refuge in you from the punishment of Hell, and from the punishment of the grave, and I seek refuge in You from the trial of the Masīh Ad-Dajjāl, and I seek refuge in You from the trial of living and dying.” (Tirmidhī 3494) He commanded that it should be recited before one makes the tasleem at the end of the prayer. (Bukhāri 6375 and Muslim 549)
The return of Jesus (‘Īsā) son of Mary (peace be upon him):
So, whilst the False Messiah spreads his turmoil and tribulation across the earth, the believers will await the Prophet Jesus son of Mary (peace be upon him). The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “While they are like that, Allah will send Jesus son of Mary, who will come down at the white minaret in the east of Damascus, wearing two dyed garments, resting his hands on the wings of two angels. When he lowers his head, beads of perspiration will fall from it [as pearls]. Every disbeliever who smells the fragrance of his breath will die, and his breath will reach as far as his eye can see. He will set out and catch up with the Dajjāl at the gate of Ludd and will kill him. The Prophet of Allah, Jesus will come to some people whom Allah has protected and he will wipe their faces and tell them of their status in Paradise.” (Ibn Mājah 4075)
When the Dajjāl appears, the believers will be few. Umm Shareek bint Abil-‘Ukar (radiyallāh ‘anhā) asked, “O Messenger of Allah, where will the Arabs be on that day?” He said, “On that day they will be few, and most of them will be in Baitul-Maqdis (i.e. Jerusalem), and their leader will be a righteous man (the Mahdī). When their leader steps forward to lead them in the Fajr prayer, Jesus the son of Mary will come down to them. Their leader will step backward so that Jesus can come forward and lead the people in prayer, but Jesus will place his hand between his shoulders and say to him, “Go forward and pray, for the iqāmah was given for you.” Then their leader will lead them in prayer. When he has finished, Jesus will say, “Open the gate.” So, they will open it and behind it will be the Dajjāl along with seventy thousand Jews, each of them carrying an adorned sword and wearing a greenish cloak. When the Dajjāl sees him, he will start to melt as salt melts in water. He will run away, and Jesus will say, “I have only one blow for you, which you will not be able to escape!” He will catch up with him at the eastern gate of Ludd, and will kill him.” (Ibn Mājah 4077, Ibn Khuzaymah in At-Tawheed 2/458, Al-Hākim in Al-Mustadrak 8620. Authenticated by Al-Albāni in Saheeh Al-Jāmi’ 7875)
Abu Hurairah stated that the Prophet (ﷺ) said, “The Hour will not begin until Jesus the son of Mary comes down as a just judge and a just ruler. He will break the cross, kill the swine and abolish the Jizyah and wealth will become so abundant that no one will accept it.” (Ibn Mājah 4078) He (ﷺ) also stated that when Jesus establishes justice, “No one will be appointed to collect the Zakāh of sheep and camels. Grudges and mutual hatred will disappear and the venom of every venomous creature will be removed, so that a baby boy will put his hand on a snake and it will not harm him, a baby girl will make a lion run away and it will not harm her, the wolf will be among the sheep like their sheepdog. The earth will be filled with peace just as a vessel is filled with water. The people will be united and none will be worshipped except Allah. War will cease and the Quraish will no longer be in power. The earth will be like a silver platter with its vegetation growing as it did at the time of Adam, until a group of people will gather around one bunch of grapes and it will suffice them and a group will gather around a single pomegranate and it will suffice them. An ox will be sold for a large amount of money, and a horse will be sold for a few Dirhams.” They asked, “O Messenger of Allah, why will horses be so cheap?” He replied, “They will never be ridden in war again.” It was said to him, “Why will oxen be so expensive?” He said, “Because all of the land will be tilled.” (Ibn Mājah 4077, Ibn Khuzaymah in At-Tawhīd 2/458, Al-Hākim in Al-Mustadrak 8620. Authenticated by Al-Albāni in Saheeh Al-Jāmi’ 7875)
The emergence of Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj (Gog and Magog):
It is whilst Jesus reigns that Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj (or Gog and Magog as they are referred to in the Bible) will emerge and wreak havoc upon the earth, upon the people, their land and their cattle. Abu Sa’īd Al-Khudrī said that Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said,
“The tribes of Gog and Magog will be set free and they will emerge as Allah says,
وَهُمْ مِنْ كُلِّ حَدَبٍ يَنْسِلُونَ
‘And they will come swooping down from every mound.’ [21:96] They will spread throughout the earth, and the Muslims will flee from them until the remainder of the Muslims seek refuge in their cities and fortresses, taking their flocks with them. Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj will pass by a river and drink from it until they leave nothing behind, and the last of them will follow in their footsteps and one of them will say, ‘There was once water in this place.’ They will prevail over the earth, then their leader will say, ‘These are the people of the earth, and we have finished them off. Now, let us fight the people of heaven!’ Then one of them will throw his spear towards the sky, and it will come back down smeared with blood. And they will say, ‘We have now killed the people of heaven.’ While they are like that, Allah will send a worm like a worm that is found in the noses of sheep, which will penetrate their necks and they will die like locusts, one on top of the other. In the morning the Muslims will not hear any sound from them and they will say, ‘Who will sell his soul for the sake of Allah and see what they are doing?’ A man will go down, having prepared himself to be killed by them and he will find them dead, so he will call out to his people, ‘Glad tidings to you all, for your enemy is dead!’ Then the people will come out and let their flocks loose, but they will not have anything to graze on except their flesh, and they will become very fat as if they were grazing on the best vegetation they ever found.” (Ibn Mājah 4079)
In a narration, the Messenger Muhammad (ﷺ) said he met Jesus on the Night Journey and Ascension through the Heaven. Jesus said, “The people will supplicate to Allah (to save them from Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj) and I will pray to Allah to kill them. The earth will be filled with their stench and the people will supplicate to Allah and I will pray to Allah, then the sky will send down rain that will carry them and throw them in the sea. Then the mountains will turn to dust and the earth will be stretched out like a hide. I have been promised that when that happens, the Hour will come upon the people, just like a pregnant woman whose family does not know when she will suddenly give birth.” (Ibn Mājah 4081)
May Allah protect us from the evil of those days. We seek refuge with Allah from the fitnah of the Masīhid-Dajjāl. We ask Allah to save us from the terrors of the Last Hour and from the terrors of the Day of Resurrection. We ask Him to shade us in the shade of His Throne on the Day when there is no shade except His shade and we ask Him to give us to drink from the reservoir of the beloved Prophet (ﷺ), his Hawd that is prepared for the Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamā’ah.
Abu Khadeejah Abdul-Wāhid