“Announce the marriages!” Shaikh Fawzaan, Book of Marriage, Buloogh al-Maraam (no. 981)


Title: Kitaabun-Nikaah (The Book of Marriage) from Shaikh Saalih al-Fawzaan’s explanation of Buloogh al-Maraam min Adillatil-Ahkaam of Al-Haafidh Ahmad Ibn `Alee Ibn Hajr al-Asqalaanee (Born 773H, Died 852H). Shaikh Al-Fawzaan’s tremendous explanation is entitled Tas-heel al-Ilmaam bi-fiqhil-Ahaadeeth min Bulooghil-Maraam and is printed in seven volumes. The following is a translation of this important and very enlightening chapter, adapted in places for brevity and simplicity. The following is from volume 4.

Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr (rahimahullaah) said:

عَنْ عَامِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الزُّبَيْرِ عَنْ أَبِيهِ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ أَعْلِنُوا النِّكَاحَ

979: Narrated `Aamir Ibn `Abdillaah ibn Zubair from his father (radiyallaahu `anhum) that Allaah’s Messenger (salallaahu `alaihi wassallam) said:

“Announce the marriages.”

Reported by Ahmad and declared Saheeh by al-Haakim. [1]

[1] Ahmad no. 16130, Al-Haakim 2/183, and the hadeeth is “Hasan li-ghairihi” (Good due to other chains of narration).

Shaikh Saalih al-Fawzaan (hafidhahullaah) said:

`Aamir Ibn `Abdillaah Ibn Az-Zubair Ibn Al-`Awwaam. As for `Aamir, then he is a Taabi`ee, his father is `Abdullaah Ibn Az-Zubair (a Companion), and his grandfather is Az-Zubair Ibn Al-`Awwaam (a Companion) – may Allaah be pleased with them both, they were both Companions.

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ أَعْلِنُوا هَذَا النِّكَاحَ وَاضْرِبُوا عَلَيْهِ بِالْغِرْبَالِ

The Prophet (salallaahu `alaihi wassallam) said:

“Announce this marriage and strike the drum for it.”

(Reported by at-Tirmidhee 1089, Ibn Maajah 1895, from `Aa’ishah (radiyallaahu `anhaa))

This hadeeth proves the obligation of announcing the marriages, and they should not be a secret. So they are announced to distinguish them from fornication. And the announcing is done by various means:

The beating of the “duff” (drum) by the women so that is becomes a type of announcing because whoever hears it, comes to know that a marriage has taken place. It is not accompanied with music and other musical instruments. All of this is forbidden. As for specifically playing the drum, then it is allowed on the occasions of marriage for the purpose of announcing the marriage (nikaah).

Also from the conditions of marriage (nikaah) is the witnessing of it, and this will be discussed, and it is a condition from the conditions of marriage (that is necessary for its validity).

From the types of announcing is to carry out a “waleemah” (a meal for invited guests), either upon the contract of the marriage, or upon the consummation of the marriage due to the saying of the Prophet (salallaahu `alaihi wassallam) to `Abdur-Rahmaan Ibn `Awf on the occasion of his marriage:

عَنْ أَنَسٍ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ رَأَى عَلَى عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ عَوْفٍ أَثَرَ صُفْرَةٍ فَقَالَ مَا هَذَا فَقَالَ إِنِّي تَزَوَّجْتُ امْرَأَةً عَلَى وَزْنِ نَوَاةٍ مِنْ ذَهَبٍ فَقَالَ بَارَكَ اللَّهُ لَكَ أَوْلِمْ وَلَوْ بِشَاةٍ

“Perform a waleemah even if it is with one sheep.”

(Bukhaaree, no. 2048, 3937. Muslim 1428)

So by way of these means the marriage is announced, so if the marriage is not announced through one of these means, the nikaah is not sound, rather it is void.