Kitāb at-Tawheed: Explanation of Shaikh Ahmad An-Najmi: The Introduction

Book Title: 

“Ash-Sharh al-Mūjaz al-Mumahhad li Tawhīd al-Khāliq al-Mumajjad alladhi allafahu Shaikhul-Islām Muhammad”

Translation: The Concise and Straight-forward Explanation of the Oneness of the Exalted Creator – which was Authored by the Shaikhul-Islām Muhammad bin Abdul-Wahhāb.”

So, this is an explanation of Kitāb at-Tawhīd (The Book Of The Oneness Of Allāh) by Shaikhul-Islām Muhammad bin Abdul-Wahhāb (died in 1206H, rahimahullāh) ―Explanation authored by Ash-Shaikh Al-Allāmah Ahmad bin Yahyā An-Najmi (rahimahullāh) and adapted by Abu Khadeejah Abdul-Wāhid Alam.

Introduction

In the name of Allaah, the Most Merciful, the One who bestows Mercy.

All praise is due to Allaah, Lord of all existence―may Allah extol the Messenger in the highest company, and send peace and security upon him, and likewise upon his family, his Companions and all those who truly follow him. To proceed:

Tawheed is the fundamental upon which Islam is built. It is the condition of the acceptance of Islam― by way of it the good deeds are accepted, and the sins are forgiven. Due to it, the servant enters Paradise, and he is saved from the Hellfire. Due to it, the Messengers and the polytheists fell into disputation. Due to it, the swords clashed and due to it Paradise and Hell were created.

The opposite of Tawheed is Shirk, which is to worship others besides Allah, and it nullifies the righteous deeds. Allah has stated:

وَلَقَدْ أُوحِيَ إِلَيْكَ وَإِلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكَ لَئِنْ أَشْرَكْتَ لَيَحْبَطَنَّ عَمَلُكَ وَلَتَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ

“And it was already revealed to you and to those before you that if you should associate [anything] with Allah, your work would surely become worthless, and you would surely be among the losers.”

بَلِ اللَّهَ فَاعْبُدْ وَكُن مِّنَ الشَّاكِرِينَ

“Rather, worship [only] Allah and be among the grateful.” [az-Zumar: 65-66]

And every sin is forgiven except Shirk (association of partners with Allah). Allah, the Most High, stated:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَغْفِرُ أَن يُشْرَكَ بِهِ وَيَغْفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ لِمَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَمَن يُشْرِكْ بِاللَّهِ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ ضَلَالًا بَعِيدًا

“Indeed, Allah does not forgive association with Him, but He forgives what is less than that for whom He wills. And he who associates others with Allah has certainly gone far astray.” [an-Nisā: 116]

Due to Shirk, the servant is forbidden from Paradise, and eternal residence in the Hellfire is made obligatory upon him.

For this reason, the concern for Tawheed is the most important of affairs, the most obligatory of all obligations. Its abandonment, turning away from it and from learning it is the greatest of afflictions. So, for this reason, it is binding upon each and every person to study it, and to study that which nullifies it, negates it, diminishes it or that which maligns and disfigures it.

From the best of that which has been authored in the subject is “Kitāb at-Tawheed” by Shaikhul-Islam Muhammad bin Abdul-Wahhāb (rahimahullāh)―by way of whom Allah revived the belief in Tawheed in the region of Najd [in Arabia] in the twelfth century after the Hijrah. He composed the book into sixty-six chapters. It was further explained by some of his sons, grandsons, his students and other scholars right up until our time.

So some of the students of knowledge were eager for me to explain this book to them. They were not satisfied with merely reading the older explanations, rather they insisted that I dictate an explanation of the book from myself. I sought the aid of Allah, the Most High, and I began to dictate that which came to mind, so they penned that down. It was presented to some shaikhs who were eager to do good, and eager to spread knowledge―and they desired for it to be transcribed onto a computer. So after the first student became absent for a time, another picked up from where he had left off and proceeded with me in the same manner, and all praise is due to Allah for its completion.

The point being, the result of that is a beneficial and summarised explanation of the subject matter, fulfilling its goal, if Allah wills. 

I entitled it: “Ash-Sharh al-Mūjaz al-Mumahhad li Tawhīd al-Khāliq al-Mumajjad alladhi allafahu Shaikhul-Islām Muhammad” (The Concise, Simple and Straight-forward Explanation of the Oneness of the Exalted Creator, which was authored by Shaikhul-Islam Muhammad bin Abdul-Wahhāb). 

And all praise is due to Allah for that―and we ask Allaah that He gives us sincerity in that which we bring of goodness, and that which we leave behind. May the praise, salutations and peace of Allah be upon our Prophet Muhammad, upon his family and all of his Companions.

Written by:

(Ash-Shaikh, al-‘Allāmah) Ahmad bin Yahyā bin Shabīr an-Najmī, dated, 21/7/1425 AH.