The mention of the Takbīr is legislated from sunset on the night before the 1st day of Dhul-Hijjah – by Shaikh Khālid Ibn Dahwī adh-Dhafīrī

Dhul-Hijjah is the month of Hajj, sacrifice, Eid and dhikr. The best 10 days of the world.

Dhul-Hijjah is the month of Hajj, sacrifice, Eid and dhikr. The best 10 days of the world.

The mention and vocalisation of the takbīrāt begin from the time the sun sets on the night preceding the first day of Dhul-Hijjah due to the saying of Allah (E):

لِّيَشْهَدُوا مَنَافِعَ لَهُمْ وَيَذْكُرُوا اسْمَ اللَّهِ فِي أَيَّامٍ مَّعْلُومَاتٍ

“That they may witness benefits for themselves and mention the name of Allah on known days.” (Al-Hajj: 28)

And these are the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah.

And as for the saying of Allah (D):

وَاذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ فِي أَيَّامٍ مَّعْدُودَاتٍ

“And remember Allah during [specific] numbered days.” (Al-Baqarah: 203)

This verse refers to the days of Tashrīq (11th, 12th and 13th of Dhul-Hijjah); and due to the saying of the Prophet (H):

أيام التشريق أيام أكل وشرب وذكر الله عز وجل

“The days of Tashrīq are days of eating and drinking and the dhikr of Allāh (D).” Reported by Muslim in his Saheeh.

Bukhārī (V) stated in his Saheeh without a connected chain of narration (declared saheeh by Al-Albānī in Irwā al-Ghalīl no. 651) from Ibn ‘Umar and Abu Abu Hurayrah (L):

 أنهما كانا يخرجان إلى السوق أيام العشر فيكبران ويكبر
 “They would both go out to the market place during the ten days making the takbīr and the people would follow them in making the takbīr.”

The takbīr is of two types:

1. A general takbīr: meaning that which is not restricted to a particular time; and this refers to all of the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah right through to the last of the days of tashrīq.

2. A specific takbīr: meaning the takbīr that is recited after the daily prayers, beginning from Fajr prayer on the day of ‘Arafah (9th Dhul-Hijjah) until ‘Asr prayer in the last day of the days of tashrīq (i.e. the 13th Dhul-Hijjah).

Men and women:

It is legislated for the men to raise their voices; as for the woman then she raises her voice to the extent that she can hear herself and those surrounding her – such that it is a low voice contrary to the men.

The manner of the Dhikr:

الله أكبر الله أكبر لا إله إلا الله

Allahu akbar; Allahu akbar; lā ilāha illallāh

الله أكبر الله أكبر ولله الحمد

Allahu akbar; Allahu akbar; walillāhil-hamd

Or one may increase the takbīr (الله أكبر) in the first line to three takbīrs.

Note on reciting in chorus (in unison):

Shaikh ‘Abdul-‘Azīz Ibn Bāz (V) stated: “As for the recital of the takbīr in unison then it is not religiously legislated; it is an innovation (بدعة); wherein they recited in a united voice – that is an innovation, not legislated [in the religion].”

Written by: [Shaikh] Khālid Ibn Dahwī adh-Dhafīrī.

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Arabic text:

📌يشرع التكبير من غروب شمس هذا اليوم لقول الله تعالى:
 
(لِيَشْهَدُوا مَنَافِعَ لَهُمْ وَيَذْكُرُوا اسْمَ اللَّهِ فِي أَيَّامٍ مَعْلُومَاتٍ ) ، وهي أيام العشر .
 
وقوله عز وجل: ( وَاذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ فِي أَيَّامٍ مَعْدُودَاتٍ ) ، وهي أيام التشريق ؛ ولقول النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: ( أيام التشريق أيام أكل وشرب وذكر الله عز وجل ) رواه مسلم في صحيحه .
وذكر البخاري في صحيحه تعليقا عن ابن عمر وأبي هريرة رضي الله عنهما:  أنهما كانا يخرجان إلى السوق أيام العشر فيكبران ويكبر الناس بتكبيرهما.
 
📌وهو على نوعين:
 
تكبير مطلق: أي غير مقيد بوقت معين وهو في أيام العشر كلها إلى آخر أيام التشريق.
 
وتكبير مقيد: أي يكبر بعد الصلوات يبدأ من فجر عرفة إلى عصر آخر يوم من أيام التشريق.
 
ويشرع للرجال رفع الصوت، وأما النساء فترفع صوتها بحيث تسمع نفسها ومن حولها رفعا خفيفاً دون رفع الرجال.
 
وصفته:
الله أكبر الله أكبر لا إله إلا الله
الله أكبر الله أكبر ولله الحمد.
 
أو يزيد في الأولى تكبيرة ثالثة.
 
 
📌قال الشيخ عبدالعزيز بن باز رحمه الله تعالى:
( أما التكبير الجماعي فهو غير مشروع، بدعة، كونهم يتكلموا بصوتٍ واحد هذا بدعة، غير مشروع).
 
📝كتبه:
خالد بن ضحوي الظفيري
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One Comment

  1. Assalaamu’alaykum

    A timely and much needed article. Jazaakallaahu khayran for this..

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