Fasting in Ramadān: Its virtues, signs and rules: Uthaimīn, Fawzān and Rabee’ al-Madkhalī

Allāh obligated fasting upon the nation of Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) just as He obligated it upon the previous nations, “O you who believe, fasting has been prescribed for you just as it was prescribed upon those who came before you so that you may become pious.” (Qur’ān 2:183) It was obligated upon the Muslims in the second year after their migration from Makkah to Madīnah. The Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) himself fasted nine Ramadans … Continue reading

What is Hajj? An introduction, some rules and virtues (Islam 2.7)

The Hajj is the pilgrimage to Makkah and it is the fifth pillar of Islam. The pilgrimage is a sacred physical and spiritual journey made by a Muslim to the revered sites in and around Makkah, for the purpose of worshipping Allah alone – following in those actions, the pilgrimage made to Makkah by the Prophet Muhammad and the Prophets who came before him. This journey is once in a lifetime obligation for those Muslims who have reached the age … Continue reading

What Fasting in the month of Ramadān means to Muslims (Islam 2.6)

DOWNLOAD PDF: Ramadan for beginners and non-Muslims What does fasting in Ramadan mean to Muslims? The fourth pillar of Islam is fasting (in Arabic: Siyām). It is to fast throughout the month of Ramadan (the ninth month of the Islamic calendar). This is an act of worship that draws the Muslim closer to Allah (God), as the Qur’an stated, “Fasting has been prescribed upon you as it was prescribed upon those who came before you so that you may attain piety.” … Continue reading

Zakāh: The obligatory ‘poor due’ that must be paid by the rich to the poor (Islam 2.5)

The third pillar, zakaah, is only a duty for wealthier Muslims whose wealth has reached a minimum “threshold amount” that has been in their possession for a year. Each year, they must pay 2.5% of their accumulated gold, silver and savings to those less fortunate in the community. In this way they purify their wealth. Zakaah means to “purify” or “cleanse” one’s halaal (permissible) earnings. Illegal earnings are not accepted by Allaah because the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon … Continue reading

Economics and Industry: The Causes of Poverty: Part 1 (Ethics 2.3)

Introduction: There are many reasons why some countries in the world are affected by poverty:  Lack of natural resources or natural disasters such as drought and earthquakes. Other reasons are influenced by people: civil war; foreign companies profit from the country’s natural resources so the population does not share in the wealth of the land (which is often not the fault of the government). LEDC: A country lacking sufficient economic development to lift people out of poverty. MEDC: A country … Continue reading

The Ummah today: Characteristics of Less Economically Developed Countries: LEDCs (Ethics 2.2)

What is a Less Economically Developed Country? This is a country which is termed as poor and is in need of help from other countries such as the European countries. They used to be called “Third World Countries” but not nowadays. A wealthier country is called “A More Economically Developed Country, MEDC.” So these terms indicate how wealthy a country is. If a country has industries (that manufacture goods), or has business skills that other countries need – and they … Continue reading

Care and the Community: The Ummah (Ethics 2.1)

Introduction: As we sit here, we don’t have to worry about clean drinking water because we have bottled water and safe tap water, but millions around the world do not. Some people in less well-off countries get their water from a stream or lake that is shared with animals, they themselves have to bathe in it and wash their clothes and dishes in the same place. The water colour, taste and odour is often affected by the manner with which … Continue reading

Kitāb at-Tawhīd: An amazing authorship and journey into the history of Saudi Arabia and Muhammad Ibn Abdul-Wahhāb: Part 1

(The following is a summarised transcript) Today, we will begin (inshaa Allaah), a new book – an explanation of the greatest of all fundamentals of Islaam, and that is the fundamental of Tawheed. The belief in the oneness of Allaah, and to worship Allaah alone without any partners, its fundamentals, its principles, those things that if a person was not to know or to be ignorant of and turn away from, then that person is either deficient in Islam or … Continue reading

Muslim beliefs about life after death and how that influences human behaviour (Ethics 1.11)

Life after death: A key consideration when looking at matters of life and death concerns what happens after death. This affects each and every person because death is inevitable. However, it also affects a person who may believe it is right to take life by euthanasia or to deny a foetus the chance of life through abortion. These decisions affect a person’s position in the Hereafter. Muslims call life after death Aakhirah (the Hereafter). Origins of belief: Muslims believe that … Continue reading

The use of Genetic Engineering and Islam (Ethics 1.10)

Designer Babies: Imagine a scenario where a couple go to a specialist and say: “We want an intelligent boy with dark hair, blue eyes, and a lovely smile. Oh yes, and being good at football would be nice!” Although very few people would seriously choose these options, the technology that would allow this is getting closer. American scientists have already produced a genetically modified embryo. This technology can lead to the selection of genes specifying height, intelligence, hair colour and … Continue reading